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2 Timothy daily studies

 
 

2 Timothy overview

 
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Chapter one

Paul writes to Timothy, his spiritual son in the faith. His purpose? To remind young Timmy boy of the Christian upbringing he had, the gift of God he needs to fain into flame, and the Gospel and call to ministry entrusted to him.

Chapter Two

To help Timothy understand the importance of his call, Paul uses a lot of symbolism throughout this chapter. The soldier’s diligence, an athlete’s discipline, and a farmer’s patience all help Timothy know how to be a vessel ready for every good work.

Chapter Three

Timothy is called to spread the Gospel, but it doesn’t make everything easy peasy! Paul reminds believers of the difficult times leading up to Christ’s return. But, his best advice? Cling to Scripture to help teach you, train you, and teach others!

Chapter Four

To close out this short letter, Paul urges Timothy to always be ready to teach others. Paul leaves some specific details and instructions for people in the church while iterating: we are all entrusted with the Gospel. Now, go use it to give hope to others and grow the kingdom!

 
 

major characters

 
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2 Timothy

Major Characters

Paul

Paul wrote this letter to Timothy around AD 63--right after he was released from his imprisonment under Roman rule. His goal was to encourage young Timothy, his son in the faith, to treasure the Gospel and to teach it to future generations.

Timothy

Timothy probably heard the Gospel under Paul’s first visit to Lystra. He eventually joined Paul on his second missionary journey (Acts 17-18). After Paul’s imprisonment, Timothy was sent to help address problems within the church of Ephesus.

Eunice

Timothy’s mother, Eunice, was praised by Paul. Though her husband was Greek, she was a Jewish Christian who raised Timothy with a legacy of sincere faith (2 Timothy 1:5). Paul reminds Timothy to remain in what he learned “knowing whom he learned it from” (2 Timothy 3:14). What a legacy this mama made for her son! She taught him from birth the importance of knowing Jesus, the awaited Messiah.

Lois

Lois was Timothy’s grandmother. It is unclear if she was Eunice’s mother or mother-in-law. Some scholars believe Timothy’s father passed away at an early age, therefore, Lois, Eunice, and Timothy all lived together. Even if he hadn’t passed, there is a historical probability they shared the same house--making spiritual upbringing an everyday occurrence. Either way, Lois had the same impact Eunice had on Timothy: passing on the spiritual baton of Christian living.

2 Timothy

Minor Characters

Alexander

We don’t know much about Alexander, but what we do know is this: he did Paul dirty. From 2 Timothy 4:14-15, we know he was a coppersmith who significantly harmed Paul. The apostle highly regarded others to beware of him, as well as his opposition to the Gospel. There is another Alexander mentioned in Paul’s first letter to Timothy, but it is unsure if it is the same man! (Check out 1 Timothy 1:20 to read more.)

Carpus

All we know about our man, Carpus, is his role of holding onto Paul’s “cloak, book and parchments” (2 Tim. 4:13).

Claudia

There are few known facts about Claudia. Her name is not mentioned anywhere else in Scripture. However, by Paul saying her name in the letter to Timothy, we can safely assume she was in Rome with Paul, was a believer, knew Timothy, and was devoted to growing the kingdom. Other than that, we know diddly squat!

crescens

Speculated to be one of the seventy disciples, Crescens was most likely an assistant to Paul and left to minister to the church in Galatia.

Demas

Left Paul in Rome and headed to Thessalonica due to being “in love with this present world” (2 Timothy 4:10).

Erastus

Erastus was the city treasurer (Romans 16:23), which meant he was wealthy and influential. Paul sent him, along with Timothy, to Macedonia to minister to the churches there (Acts 19:22). His life was about service--primarily to the Lord and believers, then to his city and home. He didn’t neglect either while tending the other. A great servant was he!

Eubulus

Eubulus’ name means “of good counsel” in Greek. The meaning of his name points to him being a Gentile believer. Eubulus was part of the church in Rome and wanted to say hi through Paul’s letter to Timothy!

Hermogenes

Paul writes to Timothy, his spiritual son in the faith. His purpose? To remind young Timmy boy of the Christian upbringing he had, the gift of God he needs to fain into flame, and the Gospel and call to ministry entrusted to him.

Hymenaeus

Hymenaeus and Alexander were known in 1 Timothy 1:19 for shipwrecking their faith. Paul goes on to say he handed them over to Satan! In 2 Timothy, we see Hymenaeus pop up again. This time, Paul is comparing him to gangrene--which is a nasty disease that infects the body when blood supply is cut off. Paul doesn’t go into depth over what exactly he did to shipwreck his faith, but we can see whatever his actions were, they led people into more ungodliness.

Linus

Linus (not the Charlie Brown one!) became the first pope of Rome after the apostles in A.D. 64. He stuck through Paul’s imprisonment, and his friendship encouraged both Paul and Timothy.

Luke

Luke was an evangelist, writer, and physician. He penned the Gospel of Luke, as well as the book of Acts. We know from his use of “they” to “we,” Luke joined Paul and Silas on their journey to Philippi. Luke stayed in Philippi while Paul continued traveling, but reunited with him again on the road to Jerusalem. Eventually, Luke remained with Paul throughout the entirety of his first imprisonment.

Onesiphorus

In stark contrast to those embarrassed of Paul’s jail time, Onesiphorus was quick to encourage Paul in his dark days. According to 2 Timothy 1:16, Onesiphorus was not ashamed of Paul’s imprisonment. He left Ephesus, where he first met Paul and searched for Paul in prison. He eventually found Paul and refreshed the imprisoned apostle’s spirits. Perhaps Onesiphorus felt indebted to Paul for bringing the Gospel to Ephesus and changing his life forever. Either way, Paul found great favor with Onesiphorus. His name means “bringing profit.” That’s how Paul saw his encouragement!

Phygelus

Some deserted Paul during his second imprisonment in Rome due to the persecution of Emperor Nero. Phygelus was one of the men who turned away from Paul in Asia (2 Timothy 1:15). On a violent  war against believers, he persecuted and killed Christians. Under Nero’s rule, Paul was beheaded in AD 67. Therefore, many were afraid due to the violence around them and left Paul out of fear.

philetus

Hymenaeus had an accomplice named Philetus. In 2 Timothy 2:17, Paul says the duo led people into greater disobedience of Christ. One of the ways they drove people away from Jesus was through their denial of the resurrection of Christ. Hymenaeus and Philetus, therefore, discounted the essence of the Gospel confusing people from the truth.

Pudens

Pudens was a friend of Timothy’s who wanted to say hi through Paul’s letter.

Prisca and Aquila

Prisca (or Priscilla) and Aquila were good friends of Paul. They first met in Corinth when they were tent-makers together (Acts 18). When they heard Apollos teaching in the synagogue, they pulled him aside to teach him the truth accurately. They bonded with Paul over their trade but became united over teaching the Gospel. Ultimately, they lived out their faith until their last breath!

Titus

Turn a few pages after 2 Timothy and you find a whole book written to him! Titus converted to Christianity under the teaching of Paul. He went to journey on with Paul and Barnabas on their trip from Antioch to Jerusalem (Gal. 2:1). Later on, he ended up visiting the churches of Corinth and met back up with Paul in Macedonia. After Paul’s first imprisonment, the duo went to the island of Crete. On this island off of Greece’s shore, Titus stayed to minister to the indulgent Cretians. Paul penned a letter to him with instructions on establishing godliness to the godless people in Crete with the Gospel and the Church.

Trophimus

Trophimus was an Ephesian who accompanied Paul on his third missionary act. Though it does not mention much about him, we do know he became ill, and Paul left him in Miletus (2 Timothy 4:20).

Tychicus

Tychicus was mentioned five times throughout the New Testament. In Acts 20:4, Tychicus enters the scene during Paul’s third missionary journey from Corinth to Jerusalem. Paul calls Tychicus a dear brother, faithful servant, dutiful minister, and fellow servant (Ephesians 6:21 and Colossians 4:7). Paul even gave him the task of delivering his letters to the churches at Ephesus and Colossae. Known as an encourager, he continued to live up to his reputation by staying by Paul during his second Roman imprisonment.

 
 

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